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Laser Ablation Crater in Sapphire

Crater in a sapphire substrate hit with a femtosecond laser pulse, followed by annealing
to develop the step structure.  20µm scan. Steps on the surface are 3Å atomic steps. 
A small chunk was blown out of the center of the crater. Imaged with a MFP-3D AFM.

Image courtesy of S. MacLaren (sample courtesy Fumiya Watanabe, UIUC),
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

 


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