PZT Capacitor Switching
0.26µm 20/80 PZT platinum top and bottom electrodes capacitor. DC bias offset from -3.5V to +3.5V in 0.25V steps using Macrobuilder. Image and histogram show evolution of ferroelectric domains through switching of 180 degrees. Built-in image stabilization fixes the XY position to within a few nm’s. 2µm scan. Imaged with the MFP-3D AFM.
Sample courtesy of Radiant Technologies.